[213] Hemingway's son Jack (Bumby) promoted a line of furniture honoring his father,[214] Montblanc created a Hemingway fountain pen,[215] and multiple lines of clothing inspired by Hemingway have been produced. On July 8, 1918, not yet 19 years old, he was injured on the Austro-Italian front at Fossalta di Piave. [97], In January 1941, Martha was sent to China on assignment for Collier's magazine. [156], Hemingway's behavior during his final years had been similar to that of his father before he killed himself;[157] his father may have had hereditary haemochromatosis, whereby the excessive accumulation of iron in tissues culminates in mental and physical deterioration. Hemingway later wrote in Collier's that he could see "the first, second, third, fourth and fifth waves of [landing troops] lay where they had fallen, looking like so many heavily laden bundles on the flat pebbly stretch between the sea and first cover". The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories, The Fifth Column and Four Stories of the Spanish Civil War, The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway, Ernest Hemingway Selected Letters 1917–1961, The Cambridge Edition of the Letters of Ernest Hemingway, The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter, Martin Dressler: The Tale of an American Dreamer, The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ernest_Hemingway&oldid=980372368, 20th-century American short story writers, American male writers who committed suicide, American war correspondents of World War II, American military personnel of World War I, Recipients of the Silver Medal of Military Valor, Survivors of aviation accidents or incidents, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Hemingway moved his primary summer residence to Ketchum, Idaho, just outside the newly built resort of Sun Valley, and moved his winter residence to Cuba. [205] Benson agrees, describing him as introverted and private as J. D. Salinger, although Hemingway masked his nature with braggadocio. [5] During his last two years at high school he edited the Trapeze and Tabula (the school's newspaper and yearbook), where he imitated the language of sportswriters and used the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr.—a nod to Ring Lardner of the Chicago Tribune whose byline was "Line O'Type". In 1989, Hemingway married Angela Holvey; they remained married until his death in 2000. The 10-week trip provided material for Green Hills of Africa, as well as for the short stories "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" and "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber". His position as a master of short fiction had been advanced by Men Without Women in 1927 and thoroughly established with the stories in Winner Take Nothing in 1933. [8] Like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, and Sinclair Lewis, Hemingway was a journalist before becoming a novelist. Müller, Timo. The virile nature of his writing, which attempted to re-create the exact physical sensations he experienced in wartime, big-game hunting, and bullfighting, in fact masked an aesthetic sensibility of great delicacy. [57][58] On their return to Paris, Hadley asked for a separation; in November she formally requested a divorce. ", « Famous Family History Ernest Hemingway Parents. Here's some information about his 3 sons: John "Bumby" Hemingway (1923- ) was the only child of Ernest's first marriage to Hadley Richardson. Intentional omissions allow the reader to fill the gap, as though responding to instructions from the author, and create three-dimensional prose. Soon after (in 1953), he received the Pulitzer Prize in fiction for The Old Man and the Sea (1952), a short heroic novel about an old Cuban fisherman who, after an extended struggle, hooks and boats a giant marlin only to have it eaten by voracious sharks during the long voyage home. (1989). Hemingway sets the events in "Indian Camp" that shape the Adams persona. (2000). The two corresponded for a few months and then decided to marry and travel to Europe. A pessimistic but sparkling book, it deals with a group of aimless expatriates in France and Spain—members of the postwar Lost Generation, a phrase that Hemingway scorned while making it famous. in Wagner-Martin, Linda (ed). [49] A few days after the fiesta ended, on his birthday (July 21), he began to write the draft of what would become The Sun Also Rises, finishing eight weeks later.