Aird, S. D., Aggarwal, S., Villar-Briones, A., Tin, M. M. Y., Terada, K., & Mikheyev, A. S. (2015). A bite from a habu snake can cause nausea, vomiting, hypotension, and possibly death. Structures and functions of snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMP) from Protobothrops venom collected in Japan. Failure to obtain early assessment and management from the highest level of care (available within the community) may potentially result in severe complications and death. Thrombin-like snake venom serine proteinases. Hence, always remain vigilant when returning home following such situations, Avoid playing with or teasing snakes such as by touching their tails, Do not pick up dead snakes - they may be poisonous and still bite through a reflex action, Do not reach into dark nooks/corners/recesses with your bare hands/foot, Teach and educate children about the dangers and importance of snakes, Take steps to educate the members of a community to identify venomous snakes, recognize bite symptoms, and how to avoid encounter with snakes, Completely avoid any form of native or traditional treatment for snake bites, The prognosis of Sakishima Habu Snake Bite is dependent on the size of the snake, site of bite, age and overall health of the individual, promptness of medical response, and continued observance and treatment of complications following admission of the patient. Systemic symptoms are infrequent, but may include tissue damage, shock, bleeding problems, and rarely kidney function failure, Early administration of suitable antivenom (or antivenin) is the mainstay of treatment. Also, the signs and symptoms vary according to the potency and amount of venom injected. Phillips, D. J., Swenson, S. D., Francis, S., Markland, J., & Mackessy, S. P. (2010). Oyama, E., & Takahashi, H. (2015). The signs and symptoms of Sakishima Habu Snake Bite can vary from one individual to another. All snake bites should be considered as medical emergencies and evaluated by trained medical professionals, as soon as possible; the first 6-8 hours are particularly vital for preventing life-threatening symptoms. Box 193, Herston QLD 4029 AustraliaEmail: admin@snakebiteinitiative.orgWebsite: https://www.snakebiteinitiative.org, African Snakebite Institute (ASI)Poison Information Helpline: 0861 555 777Phone: +27 82 494 2039Email: admin@asiorg.co.zaWebsite: https://www.africansnakebiteinstitute.com, Advocates for Snake PreservationPO Box 2752Silver City, New Mexico 88062Phone: (520) 333-6957Website: https://www.snakes.ngo, Minutes To DieWebsite: http://minutestodie.com, The Asclepius Snakebite FoundationEmail: info@snakebitefoundation.orgWebsite: https://www.snakebitefoundation.org, http://snakedatabase.org/pages/ld50.php (accessed on 03/08/2019), http://snakedatabase.org/species/Protobothrops/elegans (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.who.int/snakebites/en/ (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.who.int/snakebites/resources/9789290225300/en/ (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/snakebite-envenoming (accessed on 03/08/2019), http://www.toxinology.com/fusebox.cfm?fuseaction=main.snakes.display&id=SN0093 (accessed on 03/08/2019), http://baikada.com/JSM/archives/16 (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.loststory.net/tips/sakishima-habu (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://phys.org/news/2017-10-okinawan-pit-viper-genome-reveals.html (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.researchgate.net/publication/9929789_Trimeresurus_Elegans_Gray_1849_the_Sakishima_Habu_a_Venomous_Pit_Viper_from_the_Ryukyu_Islands (accessed on 03/08/2019), https://www.pref.okinawa.jp/site/hoken/eiken/eisei/documents/habu_english_leaflet.pdf (accessed on 03/08/2019), http://www.japanupdate.com/2014/07/habu-snakes-of-okinawa/ (accessed on 03/08/2019).

Other supportive and symptomatic measures are always necessary to save the patient, The dose of antivenom does not vary for a child, adult, or even for a pregnant woman, since the snake typically injects the same quantity of venom into an individual, Gynecological evaluation may be necessary for pregnant women bitten by snakes to evaluate the health of the fetus, In many instances, the type of venomous snake involved in the bite is unknown; hence, all vital organs and systems should be closely monitored and treated appropriately, as necessary, If you spot a sakishima habu, step back slowly and keep a safe distance of at least 8-10 feet or more (between yourself and the snake), Be particularly vigilant during peak agricultural activities, harvest times, and rainy periods, Being alert, if you are in snake-infested regions, particularly containing dangerous species of snakes. Adverts are the main source of Revenue for DoveMed. However, the healthcare provider will determine whether antibiotics administration is necessary or not, based on one’s individual circumstances, Consultation with a medical toxicologist is recommended for all cases requiring the administration of anti-snake venom, Even though antivenom therapy is the key treatment for systemic envenomation; on its own, it may never be adequate enough to completely resolve the condition. The prognosis of Sakishima Habu Snake Bite with prompt and effective therapy is usually good, Sakishima Habu Snake Bite may occur to any individual exposed to the snake, Individuals of any age and gender are prone to snake bites, The snake is endemic to the Ryuku Islands (Japan) including the Okinawa, Sakishima, Irimoke, Ishigaki, and Miyako islands. Yasunaga, H., Horiguchi, H., Kuwabara, K., Hashimoto, H., & Matsuda, S. (2011). Molecules, 22(8), 1305. Toxicon, 103, 30-38.

KADENA AIR BASE, Japan -- (Editor's note: This is the second article in a series about the habu snake and the consequences of being bitten.) Sakishima habu can grow up to 3 or 4 feet in length, Since the snake is found to reside close to human dwellings and among agricultural crops, contact with humans is not uncommon. Two native and two introduced species of habu snakes inhabit the vegetation and jungle of Okinawa, making hiking and late-night ground travel very dangerous for … Sakishima Habu Snake Bite can take place when one comes into contact with the venomous snake, usually unintentionally or inadvertently.

The earliest ultrastructural change (10 minutes after venom) was the presence of loose platelet aggregates and free granules in the capillary lumen and mesangium. A main distributor of habushu uses around 5,000 habu per year. Sometimes only small scratch marks or lacerations may be observed. Cardiovascular, hematological, and kidney abnormalities can result in severe complications including death.