Jingoism: The extreme belief that your country is the best that kicks up a hysteria often leading to war. Nationalism has two meanings; the traditional, and the modern. Other Comparisons: What's the difference? Nationalism: The wish and concomitant efforts to achieve freedom for your country, According to Pakistani history books M, A, Jinnah was the leading nationalist in the 1940s. So is P M Modi. As nouns the difference between nationalism and jingoism is that nationalism is patriotism; the idea of supporting one's country and culture while jingoism is (uncountable) excessive patriotism or aggressive nationalism especially with regards to foreign policy. Patriotism Vs Jingoism Gandhian nationalism, enshrined in the Constitution, is based on ideals of equality and diversity. It is usually the result of nationalism or patriotism, but is more of a symptom than a cause. Guha further quoted Tagore and Gandhi to drive the true meaning of patriotism and nationalism. Jingoism is the use of excessively aggressive diplomacy and strategy in achieving goals. At this point, he also defined a jingoist to be someone bragging of his own country’s preparedness to fight whereas a patriot loves his country and countrymen, is ready to fight for freedom and rights, and defend his country from enemies.