This relatively large snake, which reaches lengths of approximately sixty inches, is easily distinguished by its brown coloration, rattle, and crossbands of brown, black, yellow, and gray. The snake is occasionally found in the desert flatlands but rarely strays more than a mile from foothills, mountains, or rocky habitat. It injects venom through the long, hollow, retractable fangs which it uses to kill his prey. The Tiger Rattlesnake is found in Arizona at elevations ranging from about 1,000 feet to 5,000 feet. Although generally timid, the snake is well-known for its painful bite that is capable of inflicting serious damage on its victims. Larry Slawson received his Master's Degree from UNC Charlotte. The Timber Rattlesnake is one of the deadliest snakes in North America due to its large fangs and high venom yield (containing neurotoxins, hematoxins, and myotoxins). It is usually found on rocky slopes or in washes within Rocky Mountains and foothills. The snake’s venom is known to directly attack the muscular skeletal system of humans, resulting in myoglobinuria, muscular paralysis, as well as renal damage. In cases of envenomation, symptoms can be severe and include extreme pain, muscle spasms, tingling sensations, swelling, abdominal cramps, nausea, secondary infections, and severe allergic reactions. As with all rattlesnakes, the Massasauga contains a highly potent venom.
There is often an infusion of peach or orange coloration on the lower sides of it's body. Common prey of the Mojave Rattlesnake includes small mammals, amphibians, lizards, insects, birds, and other snakes. The Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake is a species of highly venomous snakes from the Viperidae family. As with most rattlesnake species, the Eastern Diamondback is easily recognizable due to its large rattle, its brown, yellow, and gray coloration, as well as the “diamond” pattern that dots its back. ", "Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus Adamanteus) - Venomous. Due to the shy nature of the Massasauga, bites are relatively rare (with only 1 to 2 bites per year, on average). Nevertheless, bites from the Mojave Rattlesnake should always be treated as medical emergencies to avoid long-term complications or the possibility of death. "A rattlesnake loose in the living room tends to end all discussion of animal rights.". Venom yield is relatively low, but the toxicity of Tiger Rattlesnake venom is high. Common symptoms of a Cottonmouth bite include bruising and swelling, severe pain, muscle spasms, and necrosis. The Eastern Coral Snake has a highly potent venom that is capable of killing the equivalent of five adults in cases of full envenomation (within only one to two hours). Tiger style bands are formed by dark scales and small dark flecks across the snakes back. These include small rabbits, rats, birds, mice, lizards, insects, and squirrels. The average (expected) time of death following a bite (without treatment) and venom toxicity are also considered for this study. For this reason, antivenom is rarely used for the snake’s bite, as hospitalization alone is usually enough to prevent fatalities. As an opportunistic feeder, however, the snake is also known to consume frogs, lizards, various insects, and the occasional snake as well. Crotalid venom is typically hemotoxic, necrotizing, and anticoagulant, although a neurotoxic component is present in the venom of some species, eg, the Mojave rattlesnake (C scutulatus scutulatus). The colors on the body are peach and orange.
". There are around 30 different species of rattlesnakes in the world. http://www.reptilesofaz.org/Snakes-Subpages/h-c-tigris.html. It's tiger style bands formed by dark scales and small dark flecks cross the snakes back. The Western Diamondback is highly venomous and is capable of inflicting tremendous damage on its victims due to the presence of hemotoxins, cytotoxins, myotoxins, proteolytic enzymes. Home | The Tiger Rattlesnake is found in central, south-central, and extreme southeastern Arizona at elevations ranging from about 1,000 feet to 5,000 feet. Due to its large size, the snake has few predators aside from hawks, other snakes, wild hogs, roadrunners, and eagles, and typically feeds on small mammals, including squirrels, cottontail rabbits, moles, mice, rats, voles, gophers, and prairie dogs. Due to its inability to fully envenomate (because of its small fangs), the Tiger Rattlesnake’s venom usually produces only localized pain and swelling for humans, with moderate to severe pain. Snake venom is a highly modified saliva containing zootoxins that facilitate the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defense against threats.It is injected by unique fangs during a bite, and some species are also able to spit their venom.. Due to the relatively rare number of human bites, however, very little is known about the Tiger Rattlesnake’s effect on human populations.
Typical prey for the snake involves small pelagic fish. The snake is one of the most aggressive rattlesnake species in the United States, and will actively strike when threatened. 7th-8th Grade: Create a crossword puzzle that contains 10 words. The Tiger Rattlesnake’s neck is slender and it has a triangular head which is very small relative to the size of the body. Symptoms of envenomation include drooping eyelids, extreme fatigue, vomiting, muscle pain and weakness, and abdominal pain. It's color depends upon where the snake lives. Although deaths from the snake’s bite are rare, due to the availability of effective antivenoms, fatalities have still been recorded over the last few decades. North American elapids have short fangs that deliver a neurotoxic venom that paralyzes the respiratory center. During the last seventy years, only two fatalities from the snake have been reported (in both cases, the victims failed to seek medical attention). If left untreated, individuals are known to experience cardiovascular system failure and severe blood loss, often leading to death in as many as 20-percent of its bites. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Although possessing few natural predators, hawks, eagles, and coyotes have been known to pose potential threats to the Tiger Rattlesnake. Prior to the development of this antivenom, fatality rates from the Mojave Rattler were estimated to be around 25 to 30-percent. It injects venom through it's long, hollow, retractable fangs which I used to kill the prey. The species can be easily recognized due to its grey and tan coloration, and brown/black spots that dot the center of its back. The Tiger Rattlesnake’s neck is slender and the triangular head is very small relative to the size of his body. Throughout the United States and Canada, there exists a handful of snake species capable of causing serious injuries (including death) to humans. In North America, the snake is found predominantly along the West Coast from California to Northern Peru, but also lives along the coasts of Africa and Southeast Asia. Typical prey includes small mammals (such as mice and rats), as well as lizards. As a water-based snake, the Cottonmouth primarily feeds on small mammals, birds, fish, frogs, and other snakes. Other common prey includes birds, lizards, and various insects. The snake is 35 inches in total length.